What is Perkins?
Perkins is dedicated to increasing learner access to high-quality CTE programs of study and is critical to ensuring that programs are prepared to meet the ever-changing needs of learners and employers.
History of the Act
The Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 was the first authorization for the Federal funding of vocational education (now termed career and technical education). Subsequent legislation for vocational education included the following:
- Vocational Act of 1973
- Carl D. Perkins Act of 1984 Perkins
- Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Act (Perkins II)
- Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 1998 (Perkins III)
- Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (Perkins IV)
- Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the 21st Century Act (Perkins V)
On July 31, 2018, the President signed into law the Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the 21st Century Act (Perkins V), reauthorizing the existing Perkins IV law. Perkins V took affect on July 01, 2019.
Perkins V reflects the 100-year federal commitment to Career Technical Education (CTE) and is largely based on the structure and content of Perkins IV; it remains the most important piece of legislation affecting CTE in the country. Perkins V focuses on improving the academic and technical achievement of CTE students, strengthening the connections between secondary and postsecondary education, and improving accountability. Perkins V affords states and local communities the opportunity to implement a vision for CTE that uniquely supports the range of educational needs of students — exploration through career preparation — and balances those student needs with the current and emerging needs of the economy. The Act places additional emphasis on-
- local flexibility
- comprehensive stakeholder engagement and collaborative planning
- alignment with other education and workforce programs